Nearly all cases of poisoning may be successfully treated by means of some one of the the following methods, the particular application of which is pointed out in the alphabetical list of poisons which follows them:-

Method 1

Give the patient at once a teaspoonful of ground mustard or powdered alum in a glass of warm (not hot) water, giving afterward several glasses of warm water. If vomiting is not quickly produced, tickle the throat with the finger or with a feather. Repeat the vomiting until certain that the stomach is completely empty. If the poison is of an irritating character, give milk or white of egg after vomiting.

Method 2 - Alkalies

Give two or three tablespoonfuls of vinegar in half a glass of water, or the juice of two or three lemons, then give three or four tablespoonfuls of olive oil and a large draught of milk. Do not give emetics nor use the stomach-pump. Ammonia, a volatile alkali, when inhaled, should be antidoted by the inhalation of the vapor of hot vinegar by means of a vapor inhaler or an ordinary tea-pot.

Method 3 - Acids

Give a teaspoonful of baking soda in a glass of milk or water. In the absence of soda, give a teaspoonful of soft soap or an equal quantity of shaved hard soap, magnesia, or chalk. Give white of egg and plenty of milk; but do not use emetics nor the stomach-pump.

Method 4 - Metallic Poisons

Give white of egg, either clear or stirred in a little cold water, and a mustard or alum emetic. After patient has vomited freely, give plenty of milk or white of egg, or a thin mixture of wheat flour and milk. Do not wait to get the egg if it is not convenient, but give emetic at once and egg afterward.

Method 5 - Narcotic Poisons

Give two or three tablespoonfuls of powdered charcoal. If a supply is not ready at hand, take a coal from a wood fire, quench it, fold in a towel and crush as fine as possible with a hammer or mallet Next apply Method 1, or excite vomiting while the charcoal is being prepared. After the patient vomits, give charcoal again freely. It will do no harm in almost any quantity. Apply ammonia to the nostrils, give strong tea or coffee, and make alternate hot and cold applications to the spine. Also apply friction to the surface, and arouse the patient by walking him about, if possible. When the respiration becomes very weak, artificial respiration should bo resorted to.

Method 6 - Compounds of Arsenic

Apply Method 1, and soon as possible give the sediment, or precipitate, obtained by adding ammonia or soda to tincture of muriate of iron. The precipitate should be thrown on a towel and rinsed with clean water two or three times. The tincture of iron can be obtained at any drug-store, and should always bo kept in the house whenever arsenic in any form is kept It is well to give milk and white of egg freely after the patient vomits.

Method 7

Apply Method 1, then give strong tea or decoction of oak-bark, or infusion of tannin.

Method 8

Pour cold water on the head, make alternate hot and cold applications to the spine, and resort to artificial respiration. Hot fomentations over the heart are useful to excite this organ to increased activity when it is flagging. Artificial warmth, friction to the surface, and the inhalation of ammonia are also useful measures. In case of asphyxia from anaesthetics, the patient should be held with the head downward while artificial respiration is being practiced.

Method 9

Apply Method 1 and then make cold applications to the head, hot and cold applications to the spine, and surround the patient with hot bottles or hot-water bags, or administer a hot bath or a hot blanket pack. Apply a hot fomentation over the heart. Make patient drink copiously of hot drink of some kind.

Poisons And Their Antidotes Chart 1

Poisons And Their Antidotes Chart 2