This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
The first and most important measure of treatment is, as nearly as possible, absolute rest for the stomach. For drink, give the patient small bits of ice to hold in the mouth. If thirst is very great, let him take small quantities of cold mucilaginous drinks, as iced slippery-elm water. The thirst can in most cases be relieved by large injections of tepid water, which should be retained as long as possible. A sponge or towel should be held against the lower end of the bowels to prevent the water from passing away before being absorbed. It is of no use to trouble the stomach with food, as it will be almost certain to be vomited soon after it is swallowed, and if it is retained, will not be digested, as the secretion of the gastric juice is suspended while the stomach is in a state of inflammation. For nutritive enemata, nothing is better than good strong beef-tea made without the addition of water.
It may be injected in quantities of from two to eight ounces several times a day. At least two pints of good beef-tea should be taken in twenty-four hours. Beef-tea freshly prepared from meat should be used and not the extracts sold in stores, as those contain very little nourishment, being chiefly stimulating in character. Another excellent preparation, which has been elsewhere referred to, consists of equal parts of sweet cream and an infusion made from pancreas ground and macerated in a little water for a couple of hours, and strained through a colander. Nutritive enemata should always be about blood-warm when used. Ice-cold compresses should be applied to the stomach constantly, being renewed as frequently as is necessary to maintain their effect. When the acuteness of the inflammation has been subdued, warm poultices or fomentations may be applied to the stomach with advantage. When the fever is high, cool sponging and the use of large injections into the bowels should be resorted to. Emetics, laxatives, cathartics, and everything irritating should be sedulously avoided. There should not be too much haste about troubling the stomach with food. We have sustained patients suffering with acute gastritis for several weeks by means of nutritive enemata without difficulty. The first articles taken should be very bland in character and unstimulating, such as well-boiled and strained oatmeal gruel, well-boiled rice, milk, or milk and lime-water in the proportion of one part of lime-water to five of milk. Meat and flesh-foods of all kinds should be carefully avoided until tenderness of the stomach has entirely disappeared.