The most important measures of treatment are of a preventive character, since it is generally acknowledged that severe cases are not likely to recover under any form of treatment. Preventive measures consist, first, in careful avoidance of all predisposing causes of the disease; second, in careful avoidance of all specific causes. The latter measure can be carried out only by the most rigorous quarantine, all communication being cut off by unaffected localities with those in which the disease is prevailing. The bowel discharges from patients suffering with the epidemic, instead of being emptied into cesspools or sewers, should be at once rendered harmless by disinfection. The best plan is to place in the vessel which is to receive the discharges a tea-cupful of disinfecting solution, consisting of one-half ounce of permanganate of potash or soda. and an ounce of copperas, to each pint of water. No water should be employed for drinking purposes that has not been boiled and filtered. Upon the appearance of the first symptom, looseness of the bowels, warm baths, hot enemata, and fomentations to the bowels should be administered. The food should be little in amount, and of the most simple character. It should consist chiefly of fruits and grains. Meat should be avoided. If the symptoms increase, fomentations should be used more assiduously. The patient should be allowed to drink all the cold water he desires, but it should be given in small quantities at a time. Ice pellets of the size of a large bean or filbert are swallowed by patients with great avidity.

In extreme cases, where the skin becomes very cold, it should be rubbed vigorously with dry, warm flannels, and when necessary, with mustard water. Hot bricks should be applied, and the fomentations should be continued with increased vigor. If the patient comes to convalescence, great care should be exercised to prevent relapse from improper diet. The food must be of the simplest character for several weeks. No meat should be allowed until the activity of the stomach is fully restored. There have been hundreds of remedies advertised for this disease, but experience has shown the value of those mentioned. The hygienic treatment of cholera is undoubtedly the best of any which can be adopted. Everything depends upon the application of energetic measures of treatment at the very first appearance of the disease.