The results of this disease depend chiefly upon its intensity. Bad cases are likely to result unfavorably in spite of all that can be done for them. The patient should be confined in a darkened room, and in severe cases should be required to keep his bed. The room should be well ventilated, however, an abundance of fresh air being of great importance. The contagious character of the disease should be borne in mind. A person nursing a patient suffering from it, would do well to protect the eyes by means of large glasses. When the discharge gets into a healthy eye, it should be washed away at once with tepid water.

As soon as the nature of the disease is discovered, the healthy eye should be closed and carefully protected by means of a little pad of cotton, covered with adhesive plaster in such a way as to entirely exclude the air. This compress should be removed twice a day, and the eye carefully washed, great care being taken to avoid communicating the disease from the other eye. When the symptoms of disease occur in the healthy eye, the pad should be left off, and it should be treated the same as the other.

In the treatment of the eye itself, cleanliness is of the greatest importance. The eye should be cleansed every hour or two by means of a syphon syringe, the small ear douche tube being gently placed between the eyelids so that the whole eye may be carefully washed. When this cannot be done, a stream of water should be carefully poured upon the eye while the lids are drawn apart and held up by pressure with the fingers. The water should be of a tepid temperature, and is rendered more soothing by the addition of a little milk. The nurse should take great care to avoid getting any portion of the discharge into her own eyes, which is quite likely to happen in the use of the syringe if special care is not taken. Crusts accumulating about the eye should be removed by soaking with warm water, or water in which soda has been dissolved, in the proportion of a teaspoonful to a pint. little vaseline or lard should be applied to the edges of the eye two or three times a day.

In very severe attacks, cold or ice compresses should be applied constantly. The best plan of application is, to moisten compresses of lint or sheet cotton, of sufficient size to cover the lids, and lay them upon a block of ice until they become cold. One of these should be placed over the eyes, and exchanged for a fresh one as soon as it becomes the least warm. When the inflammation is very high, it is sometimes necessary to change the compresses every five minutes. When the extreme cold becomes disagreeable, simple cool compresses should be employed. If these are still unpleasant, hot fomentations, or a hot spray to the eyes, should be used several times a day. In addition to these measures, astringent lotions may be applied with advantage. One of the best applications is a teaspoonful of powdered alum to a quart of water, a small quantity of which should be injected between the eyelids with a syringe every half hour during the day, and once in two hours during the night, at first. A surgeon should be employed in all cases of this kind whenever possible.