There is no part of the body more disposed to hemorrhage than the mucous membrane of the nose. The blood effused through this membrane escapes generally through the nostrils, but may enter the mouth through the posterior nares. It is often symptomatic of diseases of the liver, spleen, and other organs, and generally attends the last stages of malignant and low fevers. It may be slight or dangerously profuse. In plethoric or rebust patients it constitutes often a means of relief to the vascular system.

TREATMENT. -- When it becomes necessary to check the hemorrhage, the patient should be placed in a cool room, the head elevated or held upright, and the feet plunged in warm water containing mustard. The neck should be bared and cold water aspersed over it and the face. Lemonade and cooling drinks may also be given. When it becomes habitual, or periodic, and especially if it be vicarious of menstruation, it may be anticipated by local depletion on the nape of the neck. In the passive states of the disease, the astringents should be injected into the nose. Tannin, matico, Monsel's solution, etc., are the best. If it will not stop, the nostrils should be plugged both anteriorly and posteriorly.