The woods of Dhava, As'va-karna, Tinis'a, Palás'a, Pichu-marda, Pátall, Páribhad-raka, Antra, Udumbara, Karahátaka, Arjuna, Kakubha, Sarja, Kapitana, S'leshmátaka, Amtkotha, Amalaka, Pragraha, Kutaja, S'ami, Kapittha, As'vmantaka, Arka, Chira-vilva, Mahá-vriksha, Arushkara, Aralu, Madhuka, Madhu-s'igru, S'áka, Goji, Murvá, Tilvaka, Ikshuraka, Gopaghantd and Arimedá * should be taken (in equal parts) and burnt down to ashes. The said ashes should be dissolved in the urine of a cow and filtered (through a piece of linen) in the manner of preparing an alkali. This alkaline solution should then be duly boiled (till it would assume a transparent blood-red hue and slimy character), and the powders of Pippali-mula, Tanduliyaka, Varánga, Chochaka, Manjishthá, Karanja, Hasti-Pippali, Maricha, Utpala, Sárivá, Vidanga, Griha-dhuma (soot of a room), Anantá, Soma, Saralá, Váhlika, Guhá, Kosámra, white mustard seeds, Varuna, Lavana, Plaksha, Nichula, Vardhamána, Van-jula, Putra-s'reni, Sapta-parna, Dandaka, Ela-váluka, Nága-danti, Ativishá, Abhayá, Bhadra-dáru Kushtha, Haridrd and Vacha together with pulverised (dead) iron (taken in equal parts) * should be added to it. Then it should be boiled again and preserved in an iron pitcher after it had been duly prepared in the manner of an alkali. 2.

* The plants of these should be taken in full i.e. with their leaves,, roots, branches, etc. The prepared ash should be dissolved in cow's urine weighing six times the combined weight of the ashes. Dallana says that Gayadisa does not read "S'irisha, Pichumarda, Kakubha, Arushkara and Madhu-S'igru" in the list.

Metrical Texts

Dundhubhis (drums), banners and the gate ways of houses should be smeared with this alkaline preparation, hearing the sound as well as the sight and touch whereof would lead to the complete elimination of the poison from the system of the patient. This medicine is known as the Kshárá-gada which is equally efficacious in cases of S'arkará (gravel), stones in the bladder, Haemorrhoids, Váta-Gulma, cough, S'ula (colic), Udara (abdominal dropsy), indigestion, Grahani, extreme aversion to food, general oedema of the body and violent asthma. The remedy is applicable in all cases of poisoning of whatsoever type and acts as a sure antidote to the poison of the serpents headed by the dreadful Takshaka. 3.

Kalyánaka Ghrita

An adequate quantity of clarified better duly cooked with (the decoction and Kalka of) the drugs known as Vidanga, Tri-phalá, Danti, Bhadra-dáru, Harenu, Talis'a-patra, Manjishthá, Kes'ara, Utpala, Padmaka, Dádima, Málati flower, the two kinds of Rajani, the two kinds of Sárivá, the two kinds of Sthirá, Priyangu, Tagara, Kushtha, the two kinds of Vrihati, Ela-váluka, sandal wood and Gavákshi, is known as the Kalyánaka Ghrita. The curative efficacy of this Ghrita extends to cases of poisoning, Grahapasmara (hysteria due to the influence of malignant stars and planets), Jaundice, Gara dosha (slow chemical poisoning), asthma, sluggishness of appetite, fever and cough. It is commended to consumptive patients, as well as to men suffering from scantiness of semen and women afflicted with sterility. 4.

* The total weight of these powders to be added should be one thirtieth part of the prepared alkaline solution. Dallana says that Gayadasa counts only thirty and he does not read "Maricha, Soma, Guhá, Lavana, Chakra and Ala in the text. We do not, however, find Chakra and Ala in the text. We have, on the other hand, the names of some more drugs which are believed to be mere interpolations from the marginal notes of some manuscripts.