These diseases are generally divided into forty-four distinct varieties or types such as: - Ajagalliká, Yavaprakshyá, Andhálaji, Vivritá, Kachchapiká, Valmika, Indravriddhá, Panasiká, Páshána-garddabha, Jála-garddabha, Kakshá, Vishphota, Agni-rohini, Chippam. Kunakha, Anus'aye, Vidáriká, Sarkará-Arbudam, Pámá, Vicharchiká. Rakasá, Pádadariká, Kadara, Alasa, Indralupta, Dárunaka, Arunshiká, Palitam, Mas'uriká, Yauvana-pidaká, Padmini-kantaka, Yatumani, Mas'aka, Charmakila.Tilakalaka, Nyachchya, Vyanga, Parivartiká, Avapátiká, Niruddha-prakŕsa, Niruddha-guda, Ahiputanam, Vrishana-kachchu, and Guda-bhrans'a * 2.
The species of pimples or eruptions which are shaped like the Mudga pulse and are glossy, knotty and painless is called Ajagalliká. They are of the same colour (as the surrounding skin) and their origin is usually ascribed to the action of the deranged Kapham and Váyu. The disease is peculiar to infants, † Yáváprakshyá: - The eruptions which are shaped like the barley-corns, extremely hard, thick at the middle, knotty and affect (lit - confined to) the flesh are called Yavaprakshyá. They are due to the action of the deranged Váyu and Kapham. Andhálaji: - The dense, raised, slender-topped eruptions which appear in circular patches and exude a slight pus are called Andhálaji. They are due to the action of the deranged Váyu and Kapham. Vivritá: - Pustules or eruptions, which are coloured like a ripe fig. fruit and are flat-topped and appear in circular patches with an intolerable burning sensation, are called Vivrita They are due to the action of the deranged Pittam. 3 6.
* Brahmadeva comprising Garddavika, Irvellika, Gandhapidiká and Tilakdlaka in the list reads it as consisting of thirty-four different species. Jejjata does not hold the four forms of disease commencing with Garddavika, etc. as included within the list. Gayádása, finding them included in all the recensions reads Garddabhiká, etc. as included within the list of Kihudra Roga, and Pámá etc. as included within the list of Kshudra Kushtham.
† They afflict certain infants - Dallana.
A group of five or six hard, elevated, nodular eruptions (Granthis). arranged in the shape of a tortoise (which may appear on the surface of any part of the body), are called Kachchapiká. They are due to the action of the deranged Kapham and Váyu. Valmika: - The knotty undurated eruptions (Granthis) which gradually appear on the soles, palms, joints, neck and on the regions above clavicles and resemble an ant-hill in shape, slowly gaining in size are called Valmika Ulcers attended with pricking pain, burning, itching sensations and exuding mucopurulent discharges appear around the aforesaid eruptions (Granthis). The disease is due to the action of the deranged Kapham, Pittam and Váyu. 7 - 8.
Pimples or eruptions (Pidaká) arising (on the surface of the body), arranged in the same circular array as marks the distribution of the seed (sacks) in a lotus flower are called Indravriddhá by the physicians. The disease is caused by the action of the deranged Váyu and Pittam. Pauasika: - Eruptions (Pidaká) of a sort of extremely painful pustules all over the back or the ears which resemble the Kumuda bulb in shape, are called Panasiká. They are due to the action of the deranged Kapham and Váyu. Páshána-Grarddabha: - A slightly painful and non-shifting hard swelling, which appears on the joint of the jawbones, (Hanu-sandhi, is called Páshána-Garddabha. The disease is the effect of the deranged Kapham and Váyu. Jála-Garddabha: - A thin and superficial swelling, which like erysipelas is of a shifting or progressive character and is further attended with fever and a burning sensation and which is but rarely found to suppurate, is called Jala-Garddabha.* The disease results from the deranged Pittam. Kakshá - The disease characterised by the eruptions of black and painful vesicles (Shphota) on the back, sides, and on the region about the arm-pits, is called Kakshá. The disease is likewise attributed to the action of the aggravated Pittam. Vishphotaka - The disease in which eruptions of burnlike vesicles (Shphota) crop up on the whole surface of the body, or on that of any particular locality, attended with fever, is called Vishphotaka. The disease is the effect of vitiated blood and Pittam. 9 - 14.
Agni-Rohini †; - Vesicles (Shphota) having the appearance of burns and cropping up about the waist (Kakshá) by bursting the local flesh, and which is attended with fever and a sensation as if a blazing fire is burning in the inside (of the affected part), are called Agni-Rohini. The disease is caused by the concerted action of the three deranged Doshas (Váyu, Pittam and Kapham). It is incurable and ends in the death of the patient either on the seventh *, tenth or fifteenth day (of its first appearance . 15.
* The circular raised spots studded with vesicles are called Gardda-bhá. They are reddish and painful and produced by the action of Váyu and Pittam. Gayŕdŕsa reads it so.
† Dallana quotes from another Tantram that the morbific principles in men, aggravated through the action of the enraged and augmented Pittam and blood, give rise to vesicles (blisters) like red-hot charcoal by breaking open the flesh at the waist, attended with extreme pain, high fever and an insufferable burning sensation which,if not properly remedied, bring on death wiihin a fortnight, or ten days of their first appearance. These (vesicles) are called Vahni-Rohini. And again from another work he cites that a case of Vahni-Rohini due to the action of the deranged Kapham proves fatal within a fortnight, that due to the deranged Pittam, within ten days, and that due to the deranged Váyu, within a week.
Chippam: - The deranged Váyu and Pittam vitiating the flesh of the finger-nails, give rise to a disease which is characterised by pain, burning and suppuration. The disease called Chippam, is also denominated Upanakha and Kshataroga. Kuna-kham: - The nails of fingers becoming rough, dry, black, and injured through the action of the Doshas enraged through the effect of a blow, are called Kunakha (bad nails). It is also called Kulinatn. Anusayi: - A small swelling (on the surface of the body) which is of the same colour (as the surrounding skin), but is deep-seated, and suppurates in its deeper strata, is called Anusayi by the physicians. The disease is the effect of the deranged Kapham. Vidáriká: - A round reddish swelling rising either on the auxiliary or inguinal regions in the shape of a gourd (Vidárikanda) is known as Vidáriká. The disease is due to the concerted action of the deranged Váyu, Pittam and Kapham and is characterised by symptoms peculiar to each of them. 16 - 19,
* The patient dies on the seventh day in a case of disease marked by the dominant Váyu, on the tenth day in a case marked by the dominant Pittam and on the fifteenth day in a case of dominant deranged Kapham.