Now we shall enumerate the names of articles which are required in bandaging ulcers. They are as follows: - Kshauma (cloth woven with the fibres of Atasi plant), Avika (blankets made of sheeps' wool), Dukulum (loom-silk), Kausheya (silk), the Patrorna (a kind of cloth made of the fibres of Naga trees, which grow in the provinces of Paundra and Magadha), the Chinapatta (Chinese cloth), Antarvalkala (the inner bark or fibres of a tree), Charma (skin), the Alavu Shakala (the skin of a gourd), the Lata-Vidala (half thrashed Shyama creepers), string or cord, the cream of milk, Tula-phalam (cotton seeds) and iron. These accessories should be used in consideration of the exigencies of each case and the time or the season of the year in which it occurs. †
* This portion of the text has been omitted by Chakrapani in his commentary entitled the Bhanumati.
† In a swelling or ulcer caused by the deranged Vayu and Kapham, the bandage should consist of a piece of thick cloth; whereas in summer it should consist of thin linen. Similarly, a bandage, tied round any deep or hollow part of the body, should consist of a piece of thick cloth. The contrary rule should be observed, when the seat of the bandage would be at any flexible part of the body.
Similarly, in the case of a snake-bite, a ligature should be firmly tied above the punctured wound with a string or twisted cord of cotton, while a fractured bone should be set right by twisting bunches of half-thrashed shyama creeper (Latavidala) round the seat of fracture. A local haemorrhage shaped), round the circular parts of the body; the Sthagika (betel-box), round the glans-penis and the tips of the fingers; the Yamakam, round the confluent or contiguous ulcers; the Khatta (bedstead-shaped), over and around the cheeks, cheek-bones, and the parts between the ears and the eye-brows; the Vitanam over the skull, the Gophana (horn-shaped), round the region of the chin; and the Panchangi, round the part lying above the clavicles.
The fourteen different forms of bandage are named as the Kosha (a sheath or scabbard), the Dama (a cord or chaplet, the Svastika (cross), the Anuvellita (a twist), the Pratoli a winding street or road), the Mandala (ring), the Sthagika (a betel-box), the Yamaka (double or twin), the Khatta (a bedstead), the China (a streamer), the Vivandha (noose), the Vitana (canopy) the Gophana (cow-horn), the Panchangi (five limbed). Their shapes can be easily inferred from the meanings of their names.
Out of these, the Kosha or the sheath-shaped bandage should be tied round the thumb and the phalanges of the fingers; the Dama or chaplet-shaped bandage, round the narrow or unbent parts of the body; the Svastika or cross shaped, round the joints, round the articulations or the Marmas known as the Kurchakas (Navicular ligaments) round the eye-brows, round the ears and round the region of the breast. Similarly, the bandage, known as the Anuvellita, should be used when the seat of the affection would be found to be situated at the extremities (hands and legs). A bandage of the Protoli class should be tied round the neck or the penis; the Mandalam (ringshould be arrested by, binding the part with milk-cream, while the affected part in a case of Ardita (facial paralysis) as well as a broken tooth should be bound with strings of iron, gold or silver. Warts, etc. should be bandaged with Ela (cardamom skins), while dried gourd-skins should be used in bandaging ulcers on the head (scalp).
In short, a bandage of any particular shape should be tied round the part of the body to which it would be found to be most suited. Now we shall deal with the Yantranas (fastenings of bandages) which admit of being divided into three different classes according as they are fastened above, below, or obliquely round an ulcer.