Likewise Arishtas, Ayaskritis, lamba-tives and Asavas should be prepared (in the manner hereinbefore described) with Priyangu, Anantá, Yuthiká, Padmá (Bhárgi), Tráyantiká, Lohitiká, Ambashthá, bark of pomegranate, S'ála-parni, (D.R. - Tála-parni), Padma (lotus), Tunga, Kes'ura, Dhátaki, Vakula, S'almali, S'ri-veshtaka and Mocharasa, should be administered to the patient. As an alternative, similar preparations made of S'ringátaka, Gilodya„ Mrinála, Kas'eruka, Madhuka, A'mra, Jambu, Asana, Tinis'a, Arjuna, Kat-vanga, Lodhra,Bhallátaka, Charmi-vriksha, Giri-karniká, S'ita-s'iva, Nichula, Dádima, Aja-karna, Hari-vrikska, Rájádana,Gopaghoutá and Vikamkata should be prescribed. Different preparations of Yavágu, etc. should be given to the patient as diet. A gruel (Yavágu) cooked with the decoction of the preceding medcinal drugs or (only these) decoctions should be given to the patient as drinks. Potions of any of the aforesaid Asavas thickened with an admixture of powdered Páthá, Chitraka and Haritaki and sweetened with a liberal quantity of honey should be prescribed for a rich or royal patient of injudicious conduct and refusing to take medicines; or he should be made to drink frequent potions of Mádhvika liquors (prepared from honey) * with meat roasted on gridiron over a charcoal fire. Food and drinks mixed with honey, Kapittha and pepper should be prescribed for him. 8.
* Jejjata interprets it as grape-wine, but Gayadasa does not support this view.
The powdered dung of a camel, a mule, or an ass should be administered to him in food; he should take his meal with soups saturated with a compound of asafoetida and Saindhava salt or with mustard preparations (Rága). * His food and drink should be fragrant and well flavoured with ingredient not incompatible with the nature of the disease. 9-10.
The practice of regular physical exercise, wrestling, active sports, riding on a horse or an elephant, long walks, pedestrial journeys, practising archery, casting of javelines, etc., should be resorted to in a case where the disease has made a decided advance. 11.
A poor and friendless patient should live on alms, lead a life of perfect continence like an ascetic, forego the use of shoes and umbrella and walk a hundred Yojanas † or more on foot without staying for more than one night at a single village. A rich man (suffering from Prameha) should live on S'yámáka, Kapittha, Tinduka and As'mantaka and live among the deer. He should constantly follow the tracks of cows and take their dung and urine (for food and drink). A Brahman patient should live on the grain, spontaneously fallen from plants, constantly study the Vedas and draw
* Some read i e. potherb ( of mustard ) in place ofchariots occupied by Brahmanas. * A patient belong-ing to the lower orders of society (Sudras, etc.) should be made to sink wells (under such circumstances) and the strength of a weak or emaciated patient should be preserved with nutritive diets, etc.). 12.
† A Yojana is equal to eight miles.
A poor patient, carefully following these directions of his medical advisers without the least demur or delay, should be able to get rid of the disease (Prameha) in the course of a year or even in less than that time. 13.
Thus ends the eleventh Chapter of the Chikitsita Sthánam in the Sus'ruta Samhitá which deals with the medical treatment of Prameha.
* Some explain the phrase to mean that he should retain in his memory (the teachings of) the Vedas. - Dallana.