Longing for pleasure, shunning of pain, enemity, energetic undertaking of work, respiration (Prána emission of flatus (Apána), closing and opening of the eyefids, intellect (Vuddhi), sentiment (Manah), deliberation, discretion, memory, knowledge of art, perseverance, sensation and perception, arc the attributes of an organic individual. 18.
An absence of all killing or hostile propensities, a judicious ■ regimen of diet, forbearance, truthfulness, piety, a belief in God, spiritual knowledge, intellect, a good retentive memory, comprehension, and the doing of good deeds irrespective of consequences, are the qualities which grace the mind of a person of a Sáttvika temperament. Feeling of much pain and misery, a roving spirit, non-comprehension, vanity, untruthfulness, nonclemency, pride, an over winning confidence in one's own excellence, lust, anger and hilarity are the attributes which mark a mind of the Rájashika cast. Despondency, stupidity, disbelief in the existence of God, impiety, stupification and perversity of intellect, lethargy in action and sleepiness are the qualities which mark a mind of a Támashika stamp. 19,
The properties of Akásá (ether) are sound, the sense of hearing, porosity and differentia evolution of the veins, ligaments etc. into their characterised species (Viviktata.)
and takes cognisance of sorrow, disease and death by its union with the bodyHence the living frame together with the soul that ia said to inhabit it forms the subject-matter of Ayurvedic medical treatment. Ed.
The properties Váyu (etherin) are touch, the skin, all functional activities of the organism, throbbing of the whole body (Spandana) and lightness. The properties of Teja, (fire or heat) are form, the eyes, colours, heat, illumination, digestion, anger, generation of instanta-neous energy and valour. The properties of Apa (water or liquid) are taste, the tongue, fluidity, heaviness, coldness, olioginousness and semen. The properties or modifications of Pritllivi (the earth matter or solid) are smell, the nose, embodiment and heaviness. 20.
Of these the ether or Akása abounds in attributes of the Sáttvika stamp, the Váyu or etherin in Rájashika, the Teja in Sáttvika and Rájashika, the water in Sáttvika and Támashika and the earth in Támasha attributes. 21.
These qualities are found to characterise and enter into the successive elements in the order of their enumeration. The specific attributes of these elements arc manifest in the substances which are respectively originated from them. The term Prakriti or original nature connotes the eight categories (of Avyakta, Mahán, Ahamkára, and the fixe Tanmátras) and the rest of the twenty four fundamental principles arc its modifications. The Purusha forms the twenty fifth principle. These twentyfive fundamental principles of cosmogony have been dealt with in the present treatise (Sálya-Tantram) as well as in the other treatise (Sálaky-Tantram and Sánkhya Philosophy). 22 - 23.
Thus ends the first Chapter of the S'arira Sihanan in the Sus'ruta Samhita which deals with the science of Being in general.