Sáttvika Features

The features of a Brahma-káya person are cleanliness of person and conduct, belief in the existence of God, a constant reader of the Vedas, a worship and reverence of elders and preceptors, hospitality and celebration of religious sacrifices. Those of a Mahendra-káya person are valour, command, constant discussion of the Sástras, maintenance of servants and dependents and magnanimity. The features of a Karuna-káya person are a liking for exposure to cold, forbearance, a brown hue of the pupils, golden colour of the hair and sweet speech. The features of a Kouvera-káya person are, arbitration of disputes, capacity of bearing hardships, earning and accumulation of wealth, and capacity of propagation or fertility. The features of a Gandharva-káya person are love of garlands and perfumes, fondness of songs and music, and love making. The features of a Yamya-Sattva person are sense of duty, promptness, firmness of action, courage, memory, purity, and absence of anger, illusion, fear and malice. The features of a Rishi-Sattva man are divine contemplation, observance of vows, complete sexual abstinence, performance of Homas, celebration of religious sacrifices, knowledge, wisdom and cultivation of divine or spiritual science. These seven types of. men should be considered as belonging to the Sáttvika group (of Sáttvika mental temperament). Now hear me describe the features of men of Rájasika stamp (of mind) 73.

Rájasika Features

Asura-Sattva men are affluent in circumstances, dreadful, valorous, irascible, jealous of other men's excellence, gluttonous and fond of eating alone without sharing with any one else. A Sarpa-Sattva man is irritable, laborious, cowardly, angry, double-dealing, and hasty in eating and sexual intercourse. A Sakuna-Sattva man is gluttonous, intemperate in sexual matters, irritable and fickle. A Rákshasa-Sattva man is solitary in his habits, fierce, jealous of others excellence, externally pious, extremely vain and ignorant. The characteristics of a Paisácha-Sattva man are eating food partaken of by another, irritability of temper, rashness, shamclessness, and covetous-ness of female possessions. Those of Preta-Sattva man are utter want of knowledge as regards duty, laziness, miserablencss, envy, covetousness, niggardliness. These six belong to the Rájasika cast of mind. Now hear me describe the characteristic traits of men of the Támasika temperaments. 74.

Támasika Features

The features of a Pásava-Sattva man are perverseness of intellect, parsi-moniousness, frequent sexual dreams and incapacity of ascertaining or discerning anything. The features of Matsya-Sattva man are unsteadiness, stupidity, cowardice, fond of intermissive quarrel and oppression and a longing for water. The features of a Vanaspati-Sattva man are fondness of staying at the same place, constant eating and absence of truthfulness, piety, riches and enjoyment. Thus the three types of Támasika temperament have been described, A physician should take in hand a patient with an eye towards these mental traits etc. A physician should coolly deliberate upon the different types of temperament described herein and their characteristic features. 75-76.

Thus ends the fourth Chapter of the Sárira Sthánam in the S'us'ruta Samhitá which treats of foetal development etc.