Angel'ica Archangel'ica, European Angelica; 1. Angelica Radix, Angelica Root, N.F. -- The dried rhizome and roots of this and other species with not more than 5 p.c. of stem-bases or other foreign organic matter, yielding not more than 4 p.c. of acid-insoluble ash; 2. Angelica Fructus, Angelica Fruit (Seed), N.F. -- The dried ripe fruit of this and other species with not more than 3 p.c. of foreign fruits, seeds or other foreign organic matter; N. Europe, cultivated in Germany. Stout perennial herb, 1.8-2 M. (5-6 degrees) high, purplish, smooth, hollow, jointed, leaves double pinnate; flowers greenish-white. Rhizome, short, thick, 5-10 Cm. (2-4') long, sometimes split, frequently crowned with leaf and stem-bases; roots numerous 10-20 Cm (4-8') long, 5-7 Mm. (1/5-1/3') thick at base, tapering to 1 Mm.(1/25'), twisted together, dark brown, deep furrows; fracture short, smooth; odor aromatic, taste sweetish, pungent, aromatic, bitter. Powder, yellowish-brown -- starch grains, tracheae, brownish oil canals, parenchyma tissue with starch, cork cells, wood-fibers, yellowish oil globules. Fruit, cremocarps oval, yellowish-brown 4-8 Mm (1/6-1/3') long, 3-6 Mm (1/8-1/4') broad, 1-2 Mm (1/25-1/12') thick, base notched, apex bearing 5 calyx teeth; mericarps joined or separate, each flat on one surface, convex upon the other, with 3 ribs, separated by grooves; odor characteristic, agreeable; taste aromatic, pungent, sweetish. Powder, light brown -- spongy parenchyma, oil tubes, aleurone grains, calcium oxalate rosettes; solvent; alcohol; contain volatile oil .5 p.c., acrid resin (angelicin), angelic acid, tannin, pectin. Tonic, stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic, emetic; typhoid condition, bronchitis, intermittents; rheumatism, gout, painful swollen parts, condiment, Dose, gr. 10-30 (.6-2 Gm.); Root: 1 Fluidextractum Angelicae Radicis (92 p.c. alcohol), dose, Mxv-30 (1-2 cc.); Infusion, Tincture, Fresh juice (poisonous); Fruit: 1. Pilulae Antiperiodicae, ½ gr. (.03 Gm.); 2. Tinctura Antiperiodica, 4/5 p.c.
Angelica--flowering stem and cross-sesction of cremarp: a, the seed; f, the 2 ribbed wings (mericarps).