Fi'cus Car'ica, Ficus, Fig, N.F. -- The clean, sound, partially dried fruit; W. Asia, cult. In S. Europe, California. Tree, 4.5-7.5 M. (15-25 degrees) high, 10-20 Cm. (4-8') thick, many spreading branches; bark reddish, gray; leaves 10-12.5 Cm. (4-5') long, 3-5-palmately bluntly lobed, dentate, pubescent beneath; flowers monoecious, borne on the inside of the thick, fleshy-walled receptacle, which becomes the fruit. Fruit, irregular rounded shape, compressed, fleshy 2.5-5 Cm. (1-2') broad, brownish-yellow, frequently with an efflorescence of sugar, apex with small scaly orifice, base with scar or short stalk; internally hollow, with many small brownish-yellow, glossy, hard achenes; odor distinct, fruity; taste sweet, pleasant; pear-shape when softened in water 5-7.5 Cm. (2-3') long. They occur as natural and pulled, the largest and best being--Smyrna (Turkey, Elemi) the smaller and less pulpy--the Greek; contain grape-sugar 62 p.c., gum, fat, phosphates, chlorides, achenes and cellular tissue 15 p.c., water 16 p.c. Nutritive, demulcent, dietetic; habitual constipation--fresh juice, indigestible skin and seed causing intestinal irritation, the latter acting mechanically; roasted and split open as a poultice. Dose, ad libitum; 1. Syrupus Ficus Compositus, 30 p.c., + fldext. senna 20, arom. fldglycer. casc. sagr. 10, dose, 3j-2 (4-8 cc.); 2. Confectio Sennae, 7 p.c