Mal'va sylves'tris and M. Rotundifo'lia, Malvae Folia, (High and Low) Mallow Leaves, N.F. -- The dried leaves with not more than 10 p.c. of other parts of the plants, nor 5 p.c. of foreign organic matter; Europe, Asia, cultivated in United States. Biennials -- former erect, 1 M. (3 degrees) high, latter procumbent, spreading; flowers reddish-purple bluish; with ammonia -- green, with acids -- red. Leaves (M. Sylvestris), orbicular, reniform, cordate, 10-11 Cm.
(4-4 2/5') long, 15-20 Cm. (6-8') broad, 3-7-lobed, petioles up to 10 Cm. (4') in length, palmate, crenate-dentate, pubescent; (M. Rotundifolia), orbicular, up to 8 Cm. (3 1/5') broad, cordate, 5-7-lobed, palmate, teeth blunt, less pubescent, petioles up to 20 Cm. (8') in length; inodorous, taste bland, mucilaginous -- on chewing. Powder, light green -- non-glandular hairs, stomata, pith and spongy parenchyma, stem fibers, tracheae, mucilage cells, calcium oxalate rosette crystals; solvent: water; contains mucilage, pectin, tannin, ash 16 p.c. Demulcent, emollient; dysentery, catarrh, kidney troubles. Dose, 3ss-1 (2-4 Gm.); 1. Species Emollientes, 20 p.c. Abu'tilon and Hibis'cus species possess similar medicinal properties and may be used satisfactorily one for the other.