Sere'noa serrula'ta, Saw Palmetto Berries, N.F. -- Palmaceae. The partially dried, ripe fruit with not more than 1 p.c. of foreign organic matter; should contain 10-15 p.c. of its natural moisture when used for pharmaceutical preparations; S. United States--near seacoast. Small, stout, evergreen shrub, large underground trunk; leaves orbicular, .6-1 M. (2-3 degrees) long, .3-.6 M. (1-2 degrees) broad, 10-12-cleft, petioles aculate-serrate. Fruit, 1-seeded drupe, similar to olive, ovoid, 1.5-3 Cm. ((3/5-1 1/5') long, 1-1.5 Cm. (2/5-3/5') broad, bluish-black, smooth, oily, shriveled from contraction of sarcocarp; epicarp and sarcocarp forming thin coriaceous shell enclosing thin reddish-brown endocarp which encloses an ovoid, reddish-brown seed; odor pronounced, aromatic; taste sweetish, aromatic, acrid. Powder, yellowish-brown -- parenchyma cells of sarcocarp, yellowish amorphous substance, endosperm, large pores, stone cells: solvent: 80 p.c. alcohol; contains volatile oil .5-1 p.c., fixed oil 10-15 p.c., fat, alkaloid, resin, dextrin, glucose; seed--fixed oil 12 p.c. Sedative, diuretic, expectorant, tonic, anticatarrhal; chronic bronchitis, phthisis, inflammation of genito-urinary tract, nose, larynx, atonic impotence. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); 1. Fluidextractum Sabal (80 p.c. alcohol), dose, mxv-60 (1-4 cc.); 2. Elixir Sabal et Santali Compositum, 26 p.c. + triticum 26, fldext. zea 26, fldext. Sandalwood 6.5; 3. Tinctura Sabal et Santali, 20 p.c. + sandalwood 6.5 (80 p.c. alcohol), dose, 3j-2 (4-8 cc.). Inhalation -- mix alcoholic solution with boiling water--inhale vapor.