Verbas'cum Thap'sus, Verbasci Folia, Mullein Leaves, Great Mullein, N.F. -- The dried leaves with not more than 2 p.c. of foreign organic matter, yielding not more than 4 p.c. of acid-insoluble ash; Europe, nat. in N. America -- growing in fields, waste places. Stout woolly perennial, .3-1.3 M. (1-4 degrees) high; flowers, spike, yellow, 2.5-4 Cm. (1-1 3/5') broad, thick, tough (moist), brittle (dry), greenish-gray, densely long-tomentose, numerous non-glandular hairs; nearly odorless; taste mucilaginous, slightly bitter. Powder, dark green -- numerous lignified hairs, glandular hairs, epidermal cells, stomata, chlorenchyma with fibro-vascular tissue; solvent: diluted alcohol; contains resin, tannin, volatile oil, mucilage, sugar, ash 14 p.c. Demulcent, pectoral, anodyne, nutritive; consumption, nasal catarrh, coughs -- smoked. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); 1. Fluidexctractum Verbasci Foliorum (diluted alcohol), dose, mxv-60 (1-4 cc.); Infusion.
V. phlomoi'des, or V. thapsifor'me, Clasping-leaved Mullein, Verbasci Flores, Mullein Flowers, N.F. -- The dried corollas with adhering stamens and not more than 2 p.c. of foreign organic matter -- flowers which have become brown should not be used. Plants similar to preceding; stem .3-1.2 M. (1-4 degrees) high, usually simple; leaves oblong, crenate, woolly-tomentose; corolla light yellow, woolly, 14-30 Mm. (3/5-1 1/5') broad, rotate, 2-lipped, tube 1-2 Mm. (1/14-1/12') long and broad; stamens 5, didynamous, filaments thick, fleshy, pollen grains smooth; odor peculiar, agreeable; taste mucilaginous; with boiling water -- yellow, with dilute sulphuric acid -- green, becoming brown with alkali; solvents: water, diluted alcohol; contains volatile oil, resin, tannin, fixed oil, gum, glucoside, coloring, ash 6 p.c. Diaphoretic, demulcent, diuretic, anodyne, resolvent, antispasmodic, emollient; bronchial affections. Dose, 3j-2 (4-8 Gm.); 1. Species Pectorales, 10 p.c. Fomentation, Infusion.