Contractions. - Agar. Aga.
Agaricus Muscarius. Nat. ord., Fungi.
Synonyms. - Amanita Muscaria, Agaricus Imperialis.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 8.
Fly Agaric, Bug Agaric. For. names: German, Fliegen-Schwamm; French, Orange Fausee; Italian, Amanita.
Habitat. - In dry places, especially dry pine woods;
Europe, Asia, and America. Not common in England, but abundant in some parts of Scotland.
Parts employed. - The entire fungus.
Characters. - Pileus 3 to 7 inches broad, convex, and sometimes depressed, of a rich orange-scarlet, but occasionally whitish, yellowish, or brown; margin striate. Gills white. Stem 4 to 9 inches high, half to 1 inch thick; sub-solid, bulbose.
Time for collecting. - Autumn.
Preparations. - 1. Tincture from fresh fungus (after it has been carefully washed and the outer skin removed), corresponding in alcoholic strength with dilute spirit. 2. Trituration of the dried fungus.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Chr. Kr., ii.
Proper forms for dispensing.φ to 1, Tincture; or lx to 3, Trituration. 3x and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 93 per cent.