Contractions. - Asaf. Asa.

Narthex Assafoetida. Nat. ord., Umbelliferae.

Synonyms. - Ferula Asafoetida. F. Persica. Asafoetida disgunensis.

Fig. - Flor. Horn., pl. 7.

Asafoetida. Far. names: German, Stinkasand, Stechen-kraut, Teufel's Treck; French, Asafetida; Italian, Assafoetida, Zaffetica; Spanish, Asa-fetida.

Habitat. - Persia, Afghanistan, and the Punjaub.

Part employed. - The gum-resin, obtained by incision from the living root.

Characters. - In irregular masses, partly composed of tears, moist or dry. Colour, when fresh broken, opaque white, becoming purplish-pink, and ultimately dull yellow or pinkish-brown. Taste bitter acrid. Smell foetid, alliaceous.

Time for collecting. - In spring, from plants about four years old, before the growth of the flowering stem.

Preparation. - Tincture, using rectified spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Jorg., i.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.