Contraction. - Con.
Conium maculatum. Nat. ord., Umbelliferae.
Synonyms. - Cicuta vulgaris, Conium major, Coriandrum cicuta.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 26.
Common or Spotted Hemlock, Kex, Herb Bennet. For. names: German, Geflecter Schierling; French, Grande Cigue; Italian, Cicuta maggiore; Spanish, Ceguda.
Habitat. - Widely spread over Europe. On the borders of streams, hedges, and fields.
Flowering time. - Summer.
Parts employed. - The entire fresh herb.
Characters. - A well-known plant distinguished from allied species by the following characters: Stem smooth, spotted with purplish spots. Leaves, lower ones smooth, dark, glossy green. General involucre consisting of 3 to 7 leaflets, partial involucre 3 leaflets. Fruit with undulated, crenated edges. The plant when bruised has a disagreeable odour like that of mice.
Time for collecting. - When both flower and fruit are present.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Chr. Kr., iii.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 79 per cent.