Contractions. - Croc. Cro.
Crocus sativus. Nat. ord., Iridaceae.
Synonyms. - Crocus verus, Crocus Autumnalis.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 27.
Common Saffron Crocus. For. names: German, Safran; French, Safran; Italian, Zajferano; Spanish, Azofran.
Habitat. - Asia Minor. Imported from Spain, France, and Italy.
Flowering time. - September and October.
Parts employed. - The dry stigmata, as imported.
Characters. - Thread-like styles, each terminated by 3 long orange-brown stigmas, broadest at the summit. Has a powerful aromatic odour. Rubbed on the wet finger, it leaves an intense orange-yellow stain; pressed between folds of blotting-paper, it leaves no oily stain.
Preparation. - Tincture, using rectified spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Stapf's B.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.