Contractions. - Dale. Dul.

Solanum dulcamara. Nat. ord., Solanaceae.

Synonyms. - Dulcamara flexuosa, Vitis sylvestris.

Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 31.

Woody-nightshade, Bittersweet, Fellon-wood. For. names: German, Bittersuss, Hirschkraut; French, Douce-amere, Morelle; Italian, Morella, Solatro; Spanish, Dulcamara.

Habitat. - Hedges and thickets in moist shady places all over Europe.

Flowering time. - Summer.

Farts employed. - Leaves and young stems.

Characters. - Stem shrubby at base, with climbing or straggling branches, which die back in winter. Leaves stalked, ovate, usually broadly cordate at the base and entire, sometimes with an additional smaller lobe or segment on each side, either quite glabrous or downy on both sides as well as the stem. Flowers small, blue, with yellow anthers, in loose cymes, on lateral peduncles shorter than the leaves. Berries small, globular, and red.

Time for collecting. - Before flowering.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Chr. Kr., iv.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 78 per cent.