Contractions. - Phytol. Phy.
Phytolacca decandra. Nat. ord., Phytolaccacej;.
Synonyms. - Phytolacca vulgaris, P. Americana, Sola-num racemosum Americanum, Solanum magnum Vir-giniam, Blitum Americanum.
Fig. - Bigelow, Amer. Med. Bot., pl. 3.
Poke. For. names: German, Scharlachpere, Ameri-canische Kermesbeere; French, Morrella a Grappes; Italian, Piauta lacca; Spanish, Hierba Oarmin.
Habitat. - North America. South of Europe, Portugal to Greece. Africa, Barbary States.
Flowering time. - Autumnal months.
Parts employed. - The root and the berries.
Characters. - The root is of large size, frequently exceeding a man's leg in thickness, branched, fleshy and fibrous, marked internally with concentric rings of considerable thickness, outer surface covered with a thin brownish bark. Stalks 6 to 1) feet high, round, smooth, and much branched; when young, green, but purple after the berries have ripened. Leaves scattered, palmed, ovate-oblong, smooth on both sides, ribbed underneath, entire, acute. Flowers grow on long pedunculated racemes opposite the leaves. Calyx none. Corolla resembles a calyx, whitish, with 5 round-ovate, concave, incurving petals. Stamens 10, styles 10. Berries dark purple.
Time for collecting. - The root, late in the autumn or during winter. The berries when ripe.
Preparations. - Tincture of the root, corresponding in alcoholic strength with dilute spirit.
Tincture of the berries with proof spirit.
Trituration of the dried root, and trituration of Phytolaccin.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Hale's New Remedies. Amer. Trans.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ to 1, Tincture. lx to 3, Trituration. 3X and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
N.B. - The tincture of the root should be dispensed when no other direction is given.