Contractions. - Samb. Sam.

Sambucus nigra. Nat. ord., Caprifoliaceae:.

Fig. - Flora Hom., pl. 54.

The Elder. For. names: German, Hollunder, Holder, Fliederbaume; French, Sureau; Italian, Sambuco; Spanish, Sauco.

Habitat.- Woods, coppices, and waste places in Central and Southern Europe. Common in England and Wales.

Flowering time.- Early summer.

Part employed. - The fresh inner bark of the young branches.

Characters. - Without smell; taste at first sweetish, afterwards slightly bitter, acrid, and nauseous.

Time for collecting. - When flowers and young fruit are on the trees.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - R. A. M. L., v.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 69 per cent.