Contractions. - Sol-n. So-n.

Solanum Nigrum. Nat. ord., Solanaceae.

Black Nightshade. For. names: German, Schwartzer Nachtschatten; French, Morelle noire.

Habitat. - Widely spread over every part of the globe except the extreme north and south. Rare in Scotland.

Flowering time. - The whole summer and autumn.

Parts employed. - The fresh herb bearing ripe and unripe berries.

Characters. - An erect annual or biennial, with very spreading branches, about 1 foot high; usually glabrous or nearly so, but often hairy and rough on the angles. Leaves stalked, ovate, with coarse angular teeth. Flowers small and white, in little cymes almost contracted into umbels, on short, lateral peduncles. Anthers almost sessile, closed or joined together in an erect cone round the style in the centre of the flower. Berries small, globular, usually black, but sometimes green, yellow, or dingy red.

Time for collecting. - September and October.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Hale's New Remedies. Noack and Trinks.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 80 per cent.