Contractions. - Uva-urs. Uva.
Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi. Nat. ord., Ericaceae.
Synonym. - Arbutus Uva Ursi.
Fig. - Engl. Bot., t. 714.
Bearberry. For. names: German, Barentraube; French, Arbousier, Busserole.
Habitat. - Dry heathy and rocky hills, over a great part of Central and Northern Europe, Russian Asia, and Northern America; Scotland, North of England, and Ireland.
Flowering time. - Spring.
Parts employed. - The leaves.
Characters. - The plant is rather like the Cowberry, but the sepals are at the base of the berry instead of crowning it. The procumbent stems form large masses, with numerous shining, evergreen leaves, which are obovate or oblong, coriaceous, about three-fourths of an inch in length, reticulated beneath; with a strong astringent taste, and a feeble hay-like odour; when dried and powdered, the infusion giving a bluish-black precipitate with Perchloride of Iron. Leaves not dotted beneath nor toothed on the margin. The flowers 4 to 6 together, in compact, drooping, terminal racemes.
Time for collecting. - At the beginning of flowering.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Noack and Trinks.
Proper forms for dispensing.- φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.