Contractions. - Valer. Val.

Valeriana officinalis. Nat. ord., Valerianaceae.

Synonyms. - V. Sylvestris major, Phu parvum.

Fig. - Flora Hom., pl. 64.

Great Wild Valerian, Heal-all. For. names: German, Baldrian; French, Valerians; Italian, Valeriana.

Habitat. - In moist situations and damp woods, over the whole of Europe, Russian Asia, and North America.

Flowering time. - Summer.

Part employed. - The root.

Characters. - A short yellowish-white rhizome, with numerous fibrous roots about 2 or 3 inches long; of a bitter taste and penetrating odour, agreeable in the recent root, becoming fetid by keeping.

Time for collecting. - In the autumn.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Stapf's Beitr.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 55 per cent.