Contractions. - Valer. Val.
Valeriana officinalis. Nat. ord., Valerianaceae.
Synonyms. - V. Sylvestris major, Phu parvum.
Fig. - Flora Hom., pl. 64.
Great Wild Valerian, Heal-all. For. names: German, Baldrian; French, Valerians; Italian, Valeriana.
Habitat. - In moist situations and damp woods, over the whole of Europe, Russian Asia, and North America.
Flowering time. - Summer.
Part employed. - The root.
Characters. - A short yellowish-white rhizome, with numerous fibrous roots about 2 or 3 inches long; of a bitter taste and penetrating odour, agreeable in the recent root, becoming fetid by keeping.
Time for collecting. - In the autumn.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Stapf's Beitr.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 55 per cent.