Contractions. - Viol-od. Vi-o.
Viola odorata. Nat. ord., Violaceae.
Synonym. - V. Martia.
Fig. - Engl. Bot., t. 619.
Sweet Violet. For. names: German, Veilchen; French, Violetle de Mars.
Habitat. - On banks, under hedges, in woods, etc, widely spread over Europe and Russian Asia. Common in Britain.
Flowering time. - Early spring.
Parts employed. - The entire fresh plant.
Characters. - Perennial stock short, sometimes branched, knotted with remains of old leaf-stalks, emitting creeping runners. Leaves in terminal tufts, broadly cordate, rounded S2 at top, crenate, downy or shortly hairy with rather long stalks. Stipules narrow-lanceolate or linear, entire. Peduncles as long as leaf-stalks, with a pair of small bracts half-way up. Flowers nodding, violet or white, sweet-scented. Sepals obtuse. Spur on lower petal short. Stigma pointed, horizontal, or turned downwards.
Time for collecting. - In flower and young seed.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Arch., xiii.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 77 per cent.