Contractions. - Viol-tr. Vi-t.

Viola tricolor. Nat. ord., Violaceae.

Synonym. - Jacea.

Fig. - Engl. Bot., t. 1287.

Heart's-ease, Pansy. For. names: German, Stiefmutter-chen; French, Pensee, Fleur de la Trinite.

Habitat. - Hilly pastures and banks, cultivated and waste places throughout Europe and Russian Asia. Abundant in Britain.

Flowering time. - From spring till autumn.

Parts employed. - The entire plant.

Characters. - Very variable, but easily recognized by the branching stem, the large leaf-like stipules deeply divided into several linear or oblong lobes, the central or terminal one the largest, broadest, or most obtuse and by the style, thickened at the top into an almost globular, oblique stigma.

Time for collecting. - When in flower and young seed.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Arch., xiii.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 73 per cent.