See Gum Arabic.
Spirit of Mindererus. Diaphoretic and diuretic. It is also regarded as antiseptic. Dose, for horses and cattle, from 5 to 10 oz. For smaller animals, from 5 to 10 dr. Externally, in strains, ophthalmia, etc.
Astringent and sedative; in doses of 30 to 40 grains with opium, in internal hemorrhage, chronic diabetes, and diarrhoea; but chiefly used externally, in cooling lotions, eye-waters, ointments, etc. (For Diacetate of Lead, see Goulard's Extract.) As antidotes for an overdose, give Epsom or Glauber's Salts, with opiates if required.
Diuretic and cooling; dose for horses and cattle, 2 oz. In much larger doses it is a laxative, but not to be depended on.
Similar in properties and uses to Acetate of Potash.
Strong acetic (or pyroligneous) acid acts as a rubefacient and caustic, but is rarely employed for this purpose. In the weaker forms of common or distilled vinegar, or diluted wood vinegar, it is frequently used. See Vinegar.
Used in some spasmodic and paralytic affections.
Poisonous to all animals - 2 drachms will kill a dog. See Spirits, Ardent.
Pimento. A useful stimulant and carminative; used in cordial halls and drinks, and to correct the action of purgatives. Dose for horses, 2 to 4 dr.; cattle, 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. Dose of the Tincture, 4 ounces, in gripes.
Astringent and styptic. Given in doses of 2 to 4 dr. to horses in diabetes and diarrhoea; but Bourgelat says that its too frequent use induces a phthisical condition. A dose of alum whey, consisting of 2 dr. of the powder in a pint of hot milk, may be given after excessive purging. Cattle require from 2 to 6 or 8 drachms in diabetes and red water; and from 2 to 4 oz. are given to cows to dry their milk. To calves and lambs it is given in dr. doses, in warm milk, for diarrhoea, etc. Dogs, 10 to 15 gr. Externally it is applied to cracked and greasy heels, joint wounds, sore mouths, inflammation of the eye, chronic discharges from the nostrils, and to arrest bleeding from wounds. Burnt alum is more powerful, and is used as a mild caustic, mixed with honey, to fungous growths, sore mouths, etc.