Stimulant, antispasmodic, and expectorant. It is prescribed in nervous affections and chronic coughs; also in farcy and worms; and to increase the appetite and digestion. The dose is 1/2 dr. to 2 dr.; but, according to Moiroud, may be carried to 2 oz. for the horse, and 2 or 3 oz. for horned cattle. Externally, it is applied to indolent tumours, etc.
A crystallizable alkaloid obtained from Belladonna root. A most potent poison. When taken internally it excites the capillary circulation, and acts as a general anodyne, and also as a diuretic. The sulphate is the most convenient form for use. The dose, in bolus or solution, for horses or cattle is 1 to 2 gr.; for sheep, about 1/10th of a gr.; for dogs, 1/30th to 1/20th of a gr. One tenth of these quantities suffice when the medicine is used sub-cutaneously.
Natural balsams appear to act on the mucous membrane generally; but are chiefly given as diuretics and expectorants. See Balsam of Canada, Copaiva, Peru, etc.
Diuretic. Dose, 1/2 oz. to 1 oz.
As a diuretic to horses, 1/2 oz. to 1 oz.; as an expectorant in chronic coughs, 1 or 2 dr. For dogs, 1/2 dr. to 1 dr.
Comp. Tincture of Benzoin. It is sometimes given in 1/2-oz. doses to horses, in chronic cough, mixed with yolk of egg, gruel, or linseed tea. But more frequently applied to wounds, indolent ulcers, etc.
Dose, 1/2 oz. in old coughs.
2 dr. in old coughs; but too expensive.
A stimulating expectorant in old coughs, in doses of 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. Sometimes used as an outward application.
Stimulant, diuretic, and expectorant. Dose, 1 to 4 dr. or more [2 to 4 ounces - Morton], in old coughs and chronic chest affections. Externally in skin diseases, wounds, grease, etc.
Tonic, astringent, antiseptic, and anti-periodic. Dose, for a horse, 6 or 8 dr. [to 2 or 3 oz. - Moiroud] in diabetes, general weakness, a tendency to gangrene, etc. To small animals, 1 or 2 dr. Applied also to indolent and foul ulcers.
All its compounds are poisonous. The following closes have been given in farcy and glanders: - Chloride of Barium, 20 gr. gradually increased to 60; pure baryta, 10 to 20 gr.; carbonate 1 to 4 gr. A dog was killed by 15 gr.
Deadly Nightshade. Narcotic and sedative. Dose of the extract from 1 to 4 dr. in diseases where there is undue action of the nervous and vascular systems [Mayor]. M. Moiroud directs from 6 to 8 dr. of the powder. For dogs, from 2 to 8 gr. of the powder. The extract is also applied to the eye, to dilate the pupil.