Epsom and Glauber's Salts

See Epsom Salts, and Glauber's Salts.

Sarsaparilla, and China Root, are diaphoretic and alterative; but seldom used in veterinary practice.

Savin

An acrid stimulant. The powder is given in doses of 1 to 2 dr. (with, or followed by aloes) for worms, but its efficacy is doubtful. Long-continued use of savin is reported to have occasioned the hair to fall off. Externally it is applied, in powder or ointment, to warts,

Scammony

An uncertain as well as expensive purgative, far inferior to aloes.

Scutellaria

Skull-cap. Mr. Youatt and others regard this plant as a preventive of hydrophobia. Dose, 40 gr. daily, gradually increased.

Sea Water

Laxative. Dose, 2 or 3 pints.

Sedatives

Medicines which produce quiet, and relieve pain.

Senna

Purgative; but rarely used in veterinary practice. 5 or 6 oz. are required to purge a horse. Serpentary. Stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, and antiseptic. It is also supposed to counteract the effects of the bites of serpents, etc. Dose, from 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. or more; but rarely used. Setons. These consist of cord, tape, or a mixture of horsehair and hemp twisted together; they are inserted through a portion of the skin to excite irritation and discharge. Mr. Morton uses cotton cord soaked in a cantharidal liquid. See No. 15, Blistering Liniments, Vet. F.

Simaruba

Tonic and stomachic, for the same purposes as gentian. Seldom used.

Soap

Antacid and diuretic. Dose, 1/2 oz. to 2 oz.

Soda

Prepared natron, carbonate, or subcarbonate of soda. The common washing soda is generally sufficiently pure. Antacid and diuretic. Dose, 2 to 4 dr. It is sometimes added to aloes as a corrective of acidity, and to tonics in weakness of the stomach. The bicarbonate of soda is milder, and may be given in larger doses.

Chloride of Soda

See Chloride of Soda.

Hyposulphite of Soda

Action, uses and doses, as Sulphite of Soda.

Sulphate of Soda

See Glauber's Salt.

Sulphite of Soda

Sodium Sulphite. Internally: - antiseptic, disinfectant, and alterative. Given in indigestion, tympanitis, and in so-called blood diseases. Externally: - antiseptic, deodorising, and disinfectant. Employed in ulcerated sore-throat, and phagedAenic wounds and ulcers. Dose for the horse, 1 to 1/2 oz. Cattle, 2 to 4 oz. Sheep, 2 to 6 dr. Pig, 2 to 6 dr. Dog, 20 to 60 gr. Frequently repeated.

Chloride of Sodium

The modern name of common salt. See Salt, Common.

Soot

Some French veterinarians prescribe from 2 to 3 oz. of soot as a vermifuge. Also used externally in mange, etc. We presume wood-soot is intended.

Spermaceti

Demulcent and pectoral. Dose, 1/2 oz. to horses in cough; and to cows, after calving. Externally emollient, in ointments.

Spider's Web

Externally, styptic. Internally, has been given to dogs in convulsive fits, in 1/2-gr. doses.

Spirit of Hartshorn

This ammoniacal liquor is stimulant, antacid and antispasmodic. Dose, 1/2 oz. But more frequently used in stimulating liniments, and as an application to the bites and stings of venomous reptiles and insects. A diluted solution of Caustic Ammonia is mostly vised as a substitute.