An acrid stimulant. The powder is given in doses of 1 to 2 dr. (with, or followed by aloes) for worms, but its efficacy is doubtful. Long-continued use of savin is reported to have occasioned the hair to fall off. Externally it is applied, in powder or ointment, to warts,
An uncertain as well as expensive purgative, far inferior to aloes.
Skull-cap. Mr. Youatt and others regard this plant as a preventive of hydrophobia. Dose, 40 gr. daily, gradually increased.
Laxative. Dose, 2 or 3 pints.
Medicines which produce quiet, and relieve pain.
Purgative; but rarely used in veterinary practice. 5 or 6 oz. are required to purge a horse. Serpentary. Stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, and antiseptic. It is also supposed to counteract the effects of the bites of serpents, etc. Dose, from 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. or more; but rarely used. Setons. These consist of cord, tape, or a mixture of horsehair and hemp twisted together; they are inserted through a portion of the skin to excite irritation and discharge. Mr. Morton uses cotton cord soaked in a cantharidal liquid. See No. 15, Blistering Liniments, Vet. F.
Tonic and stomachic, for the same purposes as gentian. Seldom used.
Antacid and diuretic. Dose, 1/2 oz. to 2 oz.
Prepared natron, carbonate, or subcarbonate of soda. The common washing soda is generally sufficiently pure. Antacid and diuretic. Dose, 2 to 4 dr. It is sometimes added to aloes as a corrective of acidity, and to tonics in weakness of the stomach. The bicarbonate of soda is milder, and may be given in larger doses.
See Chloride of Soda.
Action, uses and doses, as Sulphite of Soda.
See Glauber's Salt.
Sodium Sulphite. Internally: - antiseptic, disinfectant, and alterative. Given in indigestion, tympanitis, and in so-called blood diseases. Externally: - antiseptic, deodorising, and disinfectant. Employed in ulcerated sore-throat, and phagedAenic wounds and ulcers. Dose for the horse, 1 to 1/2 oz. Cattle, 2 to 4 oz. Sheep, 2 to 6 dr. Pig, 2 to 6 dr. Dog, 20 to 60 gr. Frequently repeated.
The modern name of common salt. See Salt, Common.
Some French veterinarians prescribe from 2 to 3 oz. of soot as a vermifuge. Also used externally in mange, etc. We presume wood-soot is intended.
Externally, styptic. Internally, has been given to dogs in convulsive fits, in 1/2-gr. doses.
This ammoniacal liquor is stimulant, antacid and antispasmodic. Dose, 1/2 oz. But more frequently used in stimulating liniments, and as an application to the bites and stings of venomous reptiles and insects. A diluted solution of Caustic Ammonia is mostly vised as a substitute.