Meum Athamanticum. Meum film anethi C. B. Men & athamanta & radix ursina quibusdam. AEthufa Meum Linn. Spignel, Bauldmony: an umbelliferous plant, with bushy leaves divided into slender segments, like those of fennel, but finer; producing large, oblong, striated seeds, flat on one side, and convex on the other: the root is long, variously branched, with generally a number of hairs or filaments at top, which are the remains of the stalks of former years, of a brownish colour on the outside, pale or whitish within, when dried of a fungous texture. It is perennial, grows wild in meadows in some of the mountainous parts of England, and flowers in June.

The root of spignel, recommended as a carminative, stomachic, and for attenuating viscid humours, appears to be nearly of the same nature with that of lovage; differing, in its smell being rather more agreeable, somewhat like that of parfneps, but stronger, and in its taste being less sweet and more warm or acrid. The difference betwixt the two roots is most considerable in the extracts made from them by water; the extract of spignel root being un-pleasantly bitterish, with little or nothing of the sweetness of that of lovage roots. The spiri-tuous extract of spignel, more aromatic than that of the lovage, is moderately warm, bitterish, and pungent.