This section is from the book "An Experimental History Of The Materia Medica", by William Lewis.
Moldavica feu Melissa turcica: an Melissa americana trifolia odore gravi Tourn. inst. ? Cam-phorofina Mori/on. hist. ox. ? Dracocephalum ca-narienfe Linn. Turkey or rather Canary balm, commonly called Balm-of-gilead: a plant with square stalks, and acuminated leaves, slightly and obtusely indented, set generally three on one pedicle: of each three, the end one is largest, and the other two are nipt at the bottom on the upper side, or do not reach so far down their middle ribs on that side as on the other: the pedicles stand in pairs at the joints, with similar sets of smaller leaves in their bosoms. On the tops come forth thick spikes, or heads, of pretty large, reddish, labiated flowers; whereof both the upper and lower lip are cut into two parts, and the cup into five. It is perennial, a native of the Canary islands, and scarcely bears the winters of our climate without shelter.
This or some of the other species of the Turkey balm, of which there are several, is greatly commended by Hoffman, for strength-ening the tone of the stomach, and the nervousystem: in this country, it has not yet been, though it seems to have a good claim to be, received among the medicinal plants: infusions of it may be drank as tea, and are very grateful. The leaves and flowery tops have a fragrant smell, somewhat resembling that of balm, but far stronger, and approaching to that of the fine balsam from which the plant received its name. Their taste is likewise agreeable, but so covered with the aromatic flavour, that its particular species is not easily determined: when the herb is infused in water, and the aromatic part dissi-pated by infpiflating the filtered infusion, the remaining extract impresses on the palate a moderately strong, though only momentary, pungency and bitterness. In distillation with water, it yields a fragrant essential oil.
Vinum mille-pedatum Ph. Ed.