Fig Wort: a plant with square (talks; the leaves set in pairs, at distances, in opposite directions; the branches terminated by loose fpikes of irregular, purple, helmet-shaped flowers; each of which is followed by a roundish pointed capsule, containing numerous small seeds in two cells. It is perennial.

1. Scrophularia nodofa feetida C. B. Mille~ morbia quibusdam. Scrophularia nodofa Linn. Common figwort or kernelwort: with the leaves somewhat heart-shaped and ferrated about the edges; the roots long, thick, and full of knots and tubercles. It grows wild in woods and hedges, and flowers in July.

The roots and leaves of this plant have been celebrated both internally and externally, against inflammations, the piles, scrophulous tumours, and old ulcers. Their sensible qualities are, a rank smell somewhat like that of elder leaves but stronger, and a disagreeable bitterish tast5e. The anodyne and anti-inflammatory virtues, which they are reckoned to exert in external applications, are attributed in great part to the odorous matter, which is supposed to be somewhat of the narcotic kind: the root, which has less of this smell than the leaves, has been generally preferred for internal use. At present, they are both among us disregarded.

2. Scrophularia aquatica major C. B. Be-tonka aquatica, Scrophularia aquatica Linn. Greater water figwort, water betony: with the leaves oblong, nearly oval, crenated about the edges; the stalks winged at the angles; the root composed of numerous white firings iffuing from one head. It grows in watery places, and flowers in July.

The leaves of this species are recommended for the same purposes as those of the preceding, to which they have by some been preferred: in taste and smell, they are similar, but weaker. Mr. Marchant reports, in the Memoirs of the French Academy, that this plant is the same with the iquetaia of the Brazilians, celebrated as a. specific corrector of the ill flavour of fenna: on his authority, the Edinburgh college, in their common infusion of that drug, directed two thirds its weight of the water of figwort leaves to be joined; but as they have now discarded this ingredient, we may presume that it was not found to be of much use.