Alcohol (C2H5OH) is obtained by the distillation of a fermented amylaceous substance. The official Alcohol contains less than 8% by weight of water.

Properties:

Appearance.............................................

Volatility................................................................

Color ....................................................................

Inflammability .......................................................

Odor .............................................................

Miscibility, H20...................................................

Taste..............................................................................................................

Incompatibilities: Mix Alcohol with

Albumin, T. S.............................................. HgCl2 , T. S.................................................... K2Mn04, T. S...........................................

Alcohol is an excellent preservative, a good antiferment, and a fair antiseptic. Its use internally has been largely abandoned, owing to its toxicity, and to its possessing no definite physiological indications.

Two other alcohols are official:

Alcohol Dehydratum, containing not more than 1% H20 by weight.

Alcohol Dilutum, containing about 51% H2O by volume.