Chloral is the hydrated product of trichloraldehyde (CCI3COH + H20). Properties:

Appearance................................................................................................

Solubility:

Color...................................................................

H20......................................................................................................

Odor..........................................................

C2H5OH........................................................................................

Taste ....................................................................

Olive oil.............................................................................................

Incompatibilities: To Chloral Hydrate, T. S., add

NH4OH,T. S........................................................................................

KI, T. S.....................................................................................................

NaOH, T. S...........................................................................................

Quin. Sulph., T. S............................................................................

Triturate some Chloral Hydrate with camphor...........................................................................................

Chloral Hydrate is used principally as a hypnotic. Dose, 0.5 Gm. Two other hypnotics of the methane group are Sulphonethylmethane (trional), and Sulphonmethane (sulphonal).

Properties:

Sulphonethylmethane:

Sulphonmethane:

Appearance..........................................................................................

Appearance ..........................................................................................

Color .........................................................................................................

Color .........................................................................................................

Odor............................................................................................................

Odor.........................................................................................................

Taste .......................................................................................................

Taste _................................................................................................

Solubility:

Solubility:

h2o, a=.......................................................................................

H20, A=....................................................................................

B=.........................................................................................

B=.:....................................................................................

C2H5OH, A=...........................................................................

C2H5OH, A=...........................................................................

B=.......................................................................................

B - ........................................................................

Triturate each of these substances with Chloral..................................................................................................

Both of these drugs are used as quietants and hypnotics, but are less certain in action than Chloral, and somewhat more dangerous. Dose (of either), 0.75 Gm.