Ipecac consists of the dried root of Cephaelis Ipecacuanha, and C. acuminata (Fam. Rubiacece), small plants native to Colombia and Brazil. The drug owes its activity to two alkaloids - emetine, whose chloride salt is official, and cephaeline.

Properties:

Ipecac:

Emet. Hydrochl.:

Appearance..........................................................................................

Appearance ..........................................................................................

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Color .........................................................................................................

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Odor........................................................................................................

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Taste ........................................................................................................

Sol.: H2O .......................................................................................

Sol.: H2O .......................................................................................

Acids, lead and mercury salts, and vegetable infusions of an astringent character, are incompatible.

Ipecac, long a favorite nauseating emetic in acute bronchitis, is now more extensively employed as a specific in amoebic dysentery. For this the alkaloid, emetine hydrochloride, is advised in 0.032 Gm. repeated doses by hypodermic. This alkaloid is also being widely studied for its effects on pyorrhoea.

Biennial Henbane In Seed (Hyoscyamus Nigcr).

By permission of Burroughs Wellcome Co.

Biennial Henbane In Seed (Hyoscyamus Nigcr).

Official preparations are: the Fluidextract, the Powder of Ipecac and Opium (Dover's), and the Syrup.