Sinapis, or Mustard, consists of the dried ripe seeds of Sinapis alba and of Bras-sica nigra (both of the Fam. Cruciferce), natives of Europe, but extensively cultivated elsewhere. These two Mustards manifest several variations in properties, the black variety being considerably the stronger.

Hydrastis Plant In Bloom (Hydrastis Canadensis)

Hydrastis Plant In Bloom (Hydrastis Canadensis).

Properties:

Sinapis alba

Sinapis nigra

Appearance

Color

Odor when dry

Odor when wet Use tepid water

Taste

Mustard is used for the irritating oil developed in the presence of moisture. It is a powerful, though not rapid, rubefacient and counterirritant, becoming a painful vesicant if applied too long a time. Usually an application for 20 minutes secures ample rubefaction. Mustard was formerly much used for emetic purposes, but is better supplanted by something less irritating to the gastric mucosa.