Or-ki-da'se-e. L. Orchi(s)d + aceae, fr. Gr.

13 Orchidaceae Orchid Family 221

a testicle - i. e., ancient name from shape of roots. Herbs, shrubs, terrestrial or epiphytical. Distinguished by flowers being perfect, irregular, reptile-shape, perianth 6, in 2 whorls, petaloid, superior; leaves sheathing, entire; anthers 1-2, sessile, united to style (gynandrous); pollen cohering in masses; ovary 1-celled, inferior, long, 3-angled; capsule 3-valved; universal; aromatic, antispasmodic, nutrient, aphrodisiac, flavoring, beautiful flowers. Genus: 1. Vanilla.