1. Ferula Nar'Thex (Narthex Assafoetida); Official 1820-1890

Ferula Nar'Thex (Narthex Assafoetida); Official -. This plant is almost identical with F. foetida, and from it much gum-resin is collected and sent in with the official. It is almost impossible to recognize plant origin by the product.

2. F. galbantf'lua, Galbanum . - Gum-resin, official 1820-1890; N. Persia. Plant 1.3-1.6 M. (4-5°) high, 2.5 Cm. (1') thick, solid, striate; leaves radical and cauline; flowers yellow; fruit 12 Mm. (1/2') long, winged near face of mericarps. Gum-resin in tears size of pinhead to that of a pea, brownish-yellow, inside milk-white, waxy, odor peculiar, balsamic, taste bitter, acrid, with water gives milky emulsion. Obtained from incisions; contains gum 15-20 p. c, resin (60-66 p. c,

Fig. 293.   Ferula galbaniflua.

Fig. 293. - Ferula galbaniflua.

volatile oil 10-20 p. c, free umbelliferon .25 p. c, umbelliferon combined with galbano-resino-tannol 20 p. c, ash 8-10 p. c. Used as stimulant, expectorant, antispasmodic; hysteria, chlorosis, catarrh, amenorrhoea, rheumatism, bronchitis, for church incense, tumors, boils, in pill (pilula galbani composita), emulsion, plasters, tincture. Dose, gr. 5-20 (.3-1.3 Gm.). It is intermediate between asafetida and ammoniac.