Glycyrrhiza Echina'Ta. Europe, Hungary, S. Russia; flowers in globular heads, pod ovoid with long spines. G. lepido'ta; United States (Mo., Minn.).
A'Brus Precato'Rius, Indian (Wild) Licorice, Jequirity, India, Brazil. Seeds used as standard weight, and for criminal poisoning, although inert when taken whole; contain abrin, having the action of snake-venom, being cardiac depressant; root contains glycyrrhizin, but is a poor substitute for licorice.
Ono'Nis Spino'Sa, Rest-Harrow, Europe. Root .6 M. (2°) long, 12 Mm. (1/2') thick; odor and taste similar to official licorice.
Glyc'Ine (So'Ja) His'Pida, Soja Bean. Japan, cultivated S. Asia; contains casein 40 p. c., fixed oil 15-20 p. c., dextrin 10, starch 5, cellulose 5, water 10, amylolytic ferment. Owing to the beans containing so little starch they are ground into flour, and made into bread for diabetic patients, in order to decrease sugar in the urine; plant - turned under as a nitrogeneous fertilizer to land.