Achille'A Millefolium, Yarrow, Milfoil. The leaves and flowering tops, official 1860-1880; N. America. Perennial herb, .3-.6 M.
(1-2°) high, hairy; leaves lanceolate, glandular beneath, 5-25 Cm. (2-10') long, twice pinnatifid, segments toothed; flowers Aug., corymbs, receptacle flat, chaffy, ray-florets white, pistillate; disk white, perfect; fruit achenes, chamomile odor, taste bitter, aromatic; contains volatile oil, achil-leine, resin, tannin. Used as stimulant, tonic, emmenagogue; amenorrhoea, menor-rhagia, piles, leucorrhoea, colic, relaxed throat, sore nipples, intermittents; infusion, expressed juice. Dose, 3ss-l (2-4 Gm.); oil, ev-15 (.3-1 Ml. (Cc.)).
An'Themis No'Bilis, Roman Chamomile. The dried flower-heads of cultivated plants, official 1820-1910; S. and W. Europe. Perennial herb, 15-30 Cm. (6-120 high, hairy; leaves bipinnatisect, hairy. Flowers, 18 Mm. (3/4) broad, subglobular, consisting of imbricated involucre, many white, 3-toothed ray-florets and a few tubular disk-florets inserted upon chaffy, conical, solid receptacle; odor agreeable;
Fig. 418. - Achillea Millefolium.
Fig. 419. - Anthemis nobilis: wild.
Fig. 420. - Anthemis: a, ray- and disk-floret, magnified 4 diam.; b, section through single flower-head, natural size.
taste aromatic, bitter; solvents: alcohol, hot water; contains volatile oil 1 p. c, anthemic acid (bitter principle), anthemene (anthemidin), resin 5.25 p. c, tannin, fixed oil. Stimulant (volatile oil), tonic (anthemic acid), carminative, nervine, emmenagogue; warm infusion emetic; cold infusion - tonic; large doses emetic, cathartic; intermit-tents, torpid liver, delirium tremens, dyspepsia (masticatory); externally - colic, toothache, earache, rheumatism, ulcers, sprains (poultice with vinegar, laudanum); oil - rheumatism, flatulent colic. Dose, 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); fluidextract, 3ss-l (2-4 Ml. (Cc.)); infusion (besl form), 5 p. c, ℥j-2 (30-60 Ml. (Cc.)); oil, ej-5 (.06-.3 Ml. c.)). A. (Maru'ta) Cot'ula, Mayweed; the herb, official 1820-1880); N. America. Annual plant in fields, roadsides, .3-.6 M. (1-2°) high, greenish, furrowed, leaves thrice pinnatifid; flowers June-Sept., receptacle solid, conical, chaffy, ray-florets white, disk yellow; contains volatile oil, valeric acid, fat, tannin, anthemidine (?), anthemic acid. Used as stimulant, antispasmodic, sudorific, emmenagogue, vesicant for hysteria, colic, dysmenorrhoea; in infusion. Dose, 3ss-2 (2-8 Gm.).