Papaverls Capsulae, Poppy Capsules, Papaver, Poppy. The nearly ripe capsules, official 1840-1880. These are collected in August-September, when nearly ripe, inverted to keep the juice from escaping, and dried in kilns for about 12 hours; from these, deprived of seeds, may make an extract and syrup, and, including the seeds, a decoction. Capsules or heads are the size of a hen's egg to one's fist, and contain morphine .2-2 p. c; syrup (syrupuspapaveris), 10 p. c. - coughs, etc.; decoction - demulcent to sprains, bruises, etc.
Seeds. When black called maw seed; not narcotic, yield 40-60 p. c. fixed oil, which is used as food, for burning in lamps, by painters, instead of olive oil; expressed (oil) cake for cattle, seeds for birds.
Exhausted Gum. For poultices as anodyne applications. Allied Plants:
1. Papaver Rhoe'as, Rhoeados Petala, Red Poppy Petals Br.). - Europe; flowers large, beautiful red, petals mainly used for their coloring matter, which is yielded to water; its milky juice is sedative, demulcent, mild anodyne, probably due to rhoeadine, also contains two coloring principles - rhoeadic and papaveric acids. Syrupus Rhoeados (Br.), 26 p. c. Dose, 3ss-l (2-4 Ml. (Cc.)).
Argemo'Ne Mexica'Na, Prickly Poppy. Capsules and leaves contain berberine, fumarine, but no morphine; seeds have a bland, light yellow fixed oil 36 p. c; substitute for castor oil. Dose, xv-45 (1-3 Ml. (Cc.))