3. Nep'Eta Cata'Ria, Catnep, Catnip, Catmint

Nep'Eta Cata'Ria, Catnep, Catnip, Catmint. The dried leaves and flowering tops, official 1840-1880; Asia, Europe; naturalized in United States. Perennial herb; stem quadrangular, branching, hoary, pubescent, .6-1 M. (2-3°) high, leaves 5 Cm. (2') long, triangular, ovate, cordate, serrate, hairy, flowers whitish or pale pink, dotted with lilac, calyx 5-toothed, 2-lipped, stamens 4, didynamous, odor mint-like, bitter, aromatic, camphoraceous, pungent; contains volatile oil, bitter principle, tannin. Used as carminative, stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, antispasmodic for hysteria, chlorosis, colic, amenorrhoea, toothache; fluidextract (45 p. c. alcohol), decoction, infusion. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.). Cats eat it ravenously, being fond of it because of its aphrodisiac effect. Prunel'la (Brunel'la) vulga'ris, Self-heal, Heal-all. Plant .3 M. (1 °) high, flowers purplish-blue, in dense spike, leaves hairy, bitter, astringent.

4. Sal'via officinalis, {Garden, Meadow) Sage. - The dried leaves, official 1840-1910; S. Europe, warm stony places; cultivated universally. Perennial; stem semi-shrubby, .6 M. (2°) high, quadrangular, gray-pubescent, branched; flowers, cymes, blue with white and purple, on woolly stalks, calyx tubular, 2-lipped, upper with 3, lower with

Thymus Thyme 685Fig. 331.   Sage leaf: a, upper surface; b, lower surface.

Fig. 331. - Sage leaf: a, upper surface; b, lower surface.

2 acute teeth; corolla tubular, bilabiate, lower in 3 rounded lobes, central one largest; fruit 4 achenes; seed solitary. Leaves ovate-oblong, 3-7.5 Cm. (1 1/5-3') long, apex subacute, base subcordate, crenulate, thick, ' grayish-green, reticulate-veined, pubescent, petiolate; odor aromatic; taste aromatic, bitter, astringent; should be collected when flowering and dried carefully; solvents: diluted alcohol, boiling water; contains volatile oil .5-2 p. c, resin, tannin, bitter principle (similar to amaroid marrubiin), gum. Stimulant, tonic, astringent, vulnerary, condiment;

Fig. 332.   Monarda punctata: flower magnified.

Fig. 332. - Monarda punctata: flower magnified.

Fig. 333.   Hedeoma pulegioides.

Fig. 333. - Hedeoma pulegioides.

Fig. 334.   Hedeoma pulegioides: flower and corolla magnified.

Fig. 334. - Hedeoma pulegioides: flower and corolla magnified.

dyspepsia, colliquative sweats, seasoning fat fowl, pork; infusion (externally) - ulcers of mouth, throat, indurated sores, nasal catarrh, suppression of mammary secretion; gargle may be sweetened (sugar, honey) and have added vinegar, alum, borax, potassium chlorate, etc.; ancients valued it highly. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); fluidextract, exv-60 (1-4 Ml. (Cc.)); infusion, 5 p. c, ℥j-2 (30-60 Ml. (Cc.)); water (aqua salviae), distil 1 part with water 10; gargle. S. praten'sis, S. Europe; S. lyra'ta, N. America, slightly aromatic, and S. polysta'-chya, Chia-seed, Mexico, are aromatic and bitter, all being used interchangeably; infusions of either produce (hot) or cheek (cold) excessive sweating.