This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics Inorganic Substances", by Charles D. F. Phillips. Also available from Amazon: Materia medica and therapeutics.
Lime-water, mixed with an equal part of linseed-oil (Carron-oii), or better, of olive-oil, was long since commended by Boyle and by Velpeau as a suitable dressing for the early stages of burns in every degree, and, though rather unpleasant, it has come into general use. It may be applied on carded cotton, and if the skin be unbroken, resolution of inflammation is promoted by it, and if suppuration occur, the liniment controls it, and hastens cicatrization. It relieves pain and inflammation in cases of wasp and other stings (Dauverne).
In severe cases of Small-pox, Dr. Joseph Bell recommended the same liniment to be applied to the face on cotton wool, carefully arranged to cover the affected part, but leaving apertures for the eyes, nose, and mouth. The wool should be fastened with another covering or with tape, so as to prevent admission of air, and by this means pitting may be prevented or decidedly lessened. An improved formula is a saturated su-crate of lime, made with lime, sugar, water, and glycerin; it forms a cool, drying varnish, and for burns may be diluted with oil, or ether may be added (Pharmaceutical Journal, October, 1873).