This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics Inorganic Substances", by Charles D. F. Phillips. Also available from Amazon: Materia medica and therapeutics.
Liebermeister, at Basle, systematized the treatment of typhoid fever by cold baths, and his records show a lowering of mortality from 26 per cent. to 7 per cent. So soon as the disease was declared, usually about the ninth day, the treatment was commenced with a bath at 68° F. for ten minutes; this was repeated, not at a fixed time, but so often as the temperature (taken every two or three hours) rose above 102° F. Sometimes six or seven baths were given in twenty-four hours, but commonly a less number. When they acted best an early remission of pyrexia occurred, and lasted for a long period. Quinine in full doses, or digitalis, were often combined with this treatment. Surgen-sen followed similar practice, and also Bartels, who claimed to reduce his mortality to 3 per cent. There can be no doubt that excellent results may be shown by these physicians, yet the risk pf movement and disturbance in cases with serious intestinal lesion must not be ignored, and in the majority of instances other treatment will answer every indication.
Dr. Pepper has recorded fifty cases of typhoid fever in which, after the second week, the medicinal treatment was nitrate of silver (1/4 gr.), with small quantities of belladonna and opium; only one case was fatal, and he considers that these remedies act favorably by limiting follicular catarrh and modifying its secondary effects (Boston-Journal, October, 1877).