This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics Inorganic Substances", by Charles D. F. Phillips. Also available from Amazon: Materia medica and therapeutics.
In phosphatic deposits connected with waste of nervous tissue, and in alkalinity of urine with nerve-depression, phosphoric acid is very useful, and it has relieved the symptoms of phosphatic calculus and urethro-vesical catarrh, when nitric and hydrochloric acids had failed. Benefit has also been derived from it in oxaluria.
In Rachitis, the milky phosphatic condition of urine is cleared by the acid, though Dr. H. Wood considers that the phosphates act better.
In acute albuminuria, the liquor ammoniae acetatis is often useful, as first noticed by Addison (Lancet, ii., 1855), and in diabetes, Barlow, Golding-Bird, and Bouchardat specially valued the carbonate as being a stimulant and a nitrogenous substance (Guy's Reports, vol. v., etc.). Basham recommended the phosphate to be given with the carbonate and lemon-juice (British Medical Journal, i., 1869). Prout also thought the citrate serviceable, but rather as a diaphoretic than as possessing specific powers. The sulphide has been recommended to lessen morbid appetite in diabetes, but it does not diminish the excretion of sugar (Garrod), and ammoniacal salts have not retained their reputation in this serious malady.
In Vesical Catarrh and Prostatitis, the chloride has proved useful, and in a case of irritable bladder, with pale urine of low sp. gr., and deficient in urea, much relief was apparently given by the citrate; the excretion of urea was at once increased under its use (Medical Times, ii., 1863). The benzoate of ammonia is valuable in chronic catarrhal cystitis, with phosphatic deposit; also in scarlatinal dropsy (Lancet, ii., 1861, Garrod: Medical Times, 1864).