Name.

Temperature.

Action.

Uses.

Cold.

32° to 60o

Cools blood in cutaneous vessels; stimulates heart, respiration, etc., re-flexly. Temporarily overfills internal vessels, thus raising blood pressure.

Refrigerant in fever. Refreshing: The morning bath.

Cool.

60o „ 70o

The same, but less marked.

The same in weaker subjects.

Tepid.

85° „ 95°

Detergent (cleansing), physically and chemically; soothes the nerves.

Ordinary personal cleanliness. Allays restlessness of fever and lowers temperature.

Warm.

95° „ 100o

Raises local temperature; stimulates local circulation; stimulates glands, increasing discharge of warm secretions, and evaporation; soothes the nerves and the corresponding centres.

Diaphoretic in fever; diaphoretic in uraemia; anodyne; antispasmodic.

Hot.

100° „ 106°

The same, but more marked.

The same, but is more powerful.

„ Local.

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Attracts blood to part bathed.

To stimulate menstrual flow.

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Attracts blood from distant parts.

To relieve internal congestions, as in catarrh and apoplexy.