The fruit of Foeniculum capilla-ceum, B.P. (F. vulgare,U.S.P.) Malta.

Fig. 196.   Fennel.

Fig. 196. - Fennel.

Characters. - Longer than conium fruit, being about one-quarter of an inch long. Slightly curved, elliptical, longitudinal ribs, the two lateral being double; taste and odour aromatic. The footstalk is often attached.

Composition. - A volatile oil, having the same composition as oil of anise.

Preparations.

B.P.

Dose.

Aqua Foeniculi (1 lb. to 1 gallon).............................................

1 2 fl. oz.

Pulvis Glycyrrhizae Compositus (vide p. 910)........................

U.S.P

None.

Use. - It is stimulant and carminative, used to relieve flatulence, and lessen the griping of purgatives.1

1 I am informed that the wild fennel growing in South Africa will completely drive away fleas from kennels and stables, and powdered fennel has a similar effect in this country.