This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Synonyms. - Irish Moss. Carragheen. The entire plant of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse, and Gigartina mamillosa J. Agardh (class Alga).
Yellowish or white, horny, translucent; many-times forked; when softened in water, cartilaginous; shape of the segments varying from wedge-shape to linear; at the apex emarginate or two-lobed. It has a slight sea-weed odor, and mucilaginous, somewhat saline taste.
1) Mucilaginous Compounds, 90 per cent. (2) Albuminoids. (3) Chlorides, sulphates and phosphates, with traces of bromides and iodides.
Dose, 2 to 4 dr.; 8. to 15. gm.
Irish Moss is not only a demulcent, but as well, when made into a jelly, is a useful article of diet. It is also used in making preparations of bone marrow.